Undeniably, the Internet reshaped our civilization. Business is now much better, social life more entertaining and information more accessible! While we enjoy these indulgences, hackers can steal people’s sensitive information through phishing, hacking, keylogging, Wi-Fi piggybacking, etc.
It brings before different groups a question of the right protection options. Such a situation makes an ordinary user do comparative analyses of security solutions, whether it is Webroot vs. Vipre or Avast vs. Kaspersky.
However, the threats evolve and one should be aware of the principles for securing the PC from them.
A Little Flashback
A decade ago, the world witnessed significant changes in information technology. Before then, all interactions and business operations were handled manually, offline.
Today, people use the internet for literally everything, from banking, to shopping, communicating, and running their businesses.
What should you watch out for?
This word basically describes a fraudulent activity where fake emails are used to get access to a person’s information.
Once the perpetrators have acquired this information, they can use it to spread malware or carry out crimes.
Although phishing has been around for decades, the scams of today have become more advanced!
In addition to using fake emails, they can lure you through SMS messages or pop-ups on websites. These pop-ups can come from individuals or organizations that you know and trust.
The moment you respond to them, you may be asked to provide your personal information or click on a specific link that makes you download malware.
How to prevent phishing?
One of the most effective ways of preventing this issue is to have online security software that has an anti-phishing feature.
The anti-phishing tools will jump into action and notify you whenever you are about to fall into a trap.
Similarly, if the perpetrator manages to get access to your account details, the multifactor authentication (if enabled) will instantly block them.
Multifactor authentication is the requirement of more than just one step to get into an account.
Another way of preventing phishing is for you to be cautious when handling incoming requests.
You should ask yourself whether that individual or company ever emails you. Be suspicious of emails that implore you to contact them by calling, log-ins, or following a link.
Hacking is a more aggressive way of invading an entity’s privacy. While this is common today, ordinary people do not use it.
Hackers often target high profiled organizations and individuals. Everyone remembers the effect of the hacking on Clinton’s campaign in 2016.
The only time where hacking can impact you is when the organization you do business with is infiltrated. One may call this situation a “breach.” Your information can be divulged to third parties to use as they wish.
How to prevent hacking
In the event of a breach, your company will inform you on how to secure your information. You may also be advised to use separate passwords for different accounts.
Concerning important organizations, some experts see quantum mechanics as a more complicated and credible solution. It can better identify via the development of cryptographic keys.
Malicious software (Malware) and viruses cause the most problems on the internet. They are usually spread through malicious links or files.
While this method of spreading hasn’t changed in ages, what changed is what they do.
A lot of viruses out there have been redesigned to follow money trails. They can program your device to do stuff that is of benefit to the perpetrators.
Previous, they were known to cause disruptions and make your computer behave awkwardly. This is not the case anymore. A good example is “cryptojacking.”
In this case, your computer is secretly used to mine cryptocurrency on behalf of the perpetrator. Even though it became popular just a year ago, having a 450% rise in occurrences, it will continue to be a significant threat as cryptocurrency is still a big deal.
The sad thing about it is that you won’t easily pick it up. The malware will sneak in and occupies very unusual places. This is the same for viruses.
After they have been ushered to you through applications such as games, they can spread deep in the roots of your operating system.
How to prevent malware?
To protect your device from malware and viruses, you need to install an anti-virus program. Checking websites like antivirus-review.com. or any other can be an actual prompt for finding an effective one.
After installing the cybersecurity program, you need to make sure that it’s always up-to-date. This is because new strains of viruses and malware are being released regularly.
With regard to device maintenance, you have to make sure that its operating system is always updated. Older versions of operating systems are usually vulnerable to infections.
On a personal level, you have to avoid clicking on random pop-ups that you see on websites.
If you want to download applications, make sure you read their descriptions to ensure their legitimacy and reliability. You can also browse their reviews to hear what other people say.
The use of Wi-Fi can also come with several risks. The risks will depend on whether its a home or public network.
When you use a home Wi-Fi, its possible to be hacked by intruders who want to use free internet. In other cases, they might be determined to break into your computer or phone.
To prevent these scenarios, you need to use an up-to-date online security suite. A good one will come with a password manager that will help you to generate stronger passwords.
You should avoid using public Wi-Fi altogether. This is where most fraudsters spend their time.
For example, you might find a network written “McDonald’s free Wi-Fi” and connect not knowing who it belongs to. The individual will use the connection to have access to your emails, credentials, bank details, and website log-ins.
If you can’t stop using public networks, you should have a cybersecurity solution with a Virtual Private Network (VPN) feature. It forms a barrier between your activities and the Wi-Fi provider.
To stay safe, it’s important to keep these threats in mind. They are not going anywhere and an effective online security solution is a must.
Although some accidents may occur, the damage you encounter won’t be as fatal as in cases when you were unprepared.
You do not want to lose all your sensitive information and banking details when you can easily prevent it!